Tuż przed zbliżającym się ostatnim trilogiem w sprawie Rynku Mocy zaplanowanym na 18 grudnia br., 13 polskich organizacji społecznych pracujących na rzecz ochrony środowiska i klimatu apeluje do europarlamentarzystów i unijnych ministrów o dopilnowanie, by mechanizm mocowy nie został wykorzystany do wspierania budowy nowych bloków węglowych takich jak Ostrołęka C.
Ahead of the final and decisive trilogue meeting on the Electricity Market Regulation we, the undersigned 13 civil society organisations working for climate protection and just energy transition in Poland, appeal to you to ensure that the capacity mechanisms no longer subsidise coal plants.
Countries of the world gather now at the COP24 climate summit to safeguard global decarbonisation goals in line with the Paris Agreement. In order to fulfil its commitments, the EU needs to accelerate the clean energy transition and rapidly phase out coal first, and other fossil fuels subsequently. This will not be achieved if the subsidies in form of the capacity mechanisms continue to fund coal.
Results of the first Polish capacity market auction confirmed that this scheme will hand out billions of euros to coal plants. Out of 22,4 GW awarded through the auction at least 80% is coal and lignite. Contracts will be set at the staggering amount of approximately € 55 per kW, the price being more than five times higher than the one set by recent UK auctions. Within this first auction, more than 3,6 GW of coal plants under construction have secured extensive 15 year-long contracts that will provide them with public subsidies until the end of 2035. By the end of the contracts these 3,6 GW of plants will receive an estimated € 3 billion. This means that Polish taxpayers will foot the bill for about a half of total construction costs of these new plants.
It must be noted that Polish state-controlled companies Energa and Enea intend to use the capacity mechanisms to subsidise a new 1 GW coal plant Ostroleka C. It has no economic justification and poses a threat to people, the climate, the environment and the energy system. It is estimated that over its 40-year lifespan this power plant will emit approx. 6 mln tons of CO2 annually1. In their official statements, the utilities involved in this project indicated that it can be pursued only with the capacity payments2 as otherwise, according to analysts, Ostroleka C will be permanently and deeply unviable3 and can cause up to € 1,7 bln loses4. The plant will also pose a serious threat to public health. Air pollution caused by its operation can cause severe health impacts including up to 2,000 premature deaths and health costs estimated at reaching up to € 690 million5. It must be noted that the integrated permit for Ostroleka C was issued in 2011. Since then the project was cancelled and recommenced again in 2015. In 2018 the permit has been challenged in the court as it is not in line with the current EU emission standards6.
In the light of the above we call on you to ensure that:
We hope that, EU will prove that it is serious about the commitments made under the Paris Agreement by ending subsidising coal with the capacity mechanisms and that you will show your support to the above postulates ahead of the final trilogue meeting.
On behalf of the signatories of the letter
President of the Association Workshop for All Beings
Fundacja Frank Bold (Foundation Frank Bold)
Fundacja GAP Polska (Global Action Plan Poland)
Fundacja Greenpeace Polska (Foundation Greenpeace Poland)
FundacjaNaprawSobieMiasto (Foundation Fix Your City)
Fundacja „RozwójTak – OdkrywkiNie” (Foundation Development Yes – Open-pit Mines No)
Fundacja WWF Polska (WWF Poland)
FundacjaZielonyInstytut (Foundation Green Institute)
Stowarzyszenie Ekologiczne Eko-Unia (Ecological Association EKO-UNIA)
Stowarzyszenie Ekologiczno-Kulturalne „Wspólna Ziemia” (Ecological and Cultural Association ‘Common Earth’)
Stowarzyszenie Pracownia na rzecz Wszystkich Istot (Association Workshop for All Beings)
TowarzystwodlaNaturyiCzłowieka (Society for Nature and Man)
TowarzystwonarzeczZiemi (Society for Earth)
ZwiązekStowarzyszeńPolskaZielonaSieć (Alliance of Associations Polish Green Network)
1 Banktrack: Ostroleka C coal power plant
2 The last coal power plant in Poland may be only wishful thinking
3 Ostrołęka C - next steps for the Europe's last coal power plant
4 Ostrołęka C: Burning More Money Than Coal
5 Adamkiewicz Ł., Health impacts of the Ostrołęka C power plant, 2017, based on the valid IPPC, in Polish
6 The application for annulment of the Ostrołęka C integrated permit- costly consequences of Jan Szyszko’s decision