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Large combustion plants, such as coal power plants, must adapt their emissions to the new requirements. This applies, among other, to emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, dust, and toxic substances which had not yet been covered by these standards: mercury, hydrogen chloride and ammonia. The conclusions also introduce stricter rules for monitoring emissions in power plants.

The existing facilities have 4 years to adapt to new standards. After this deadline, i.e. from mid-2021, all new and existing large coal burning installations will have to meet them. Failure to comply may result in the closure of the installation. Exceptions from this principle is possible but first a number of conditions must be met, e.g. it must not damage the environmental quality standards.

Today, social organizations working for the protection of health, air and climate call for not granting these derogations to power plants, as this would mean further air pollution in Poland. As experts emphasize, new emission limits can help reduce the number of premature deaths from coal combustion from 22,900 to 8,900 a year by mid-2021, reduce number of cases of chronic bronchitis or asthma while limiting health costs from 63 billion to 24 billion. All this will happen when no exceptions are made to the directive for the objects covered by it.

The Ostrołęka C Power Plant will also have to meet the standards resulting from the IED Directive and the BAT conclusions which will entail high costs. The cyclical tightening of these standards by European law will require further modernization of exhaust gas treatment systems in a short time which will increase the operating costs of the power plant. Those changes together with the necessity to implement the provisions regarding climate protection resulting from the Paris Agreement will have a direct impact on decrease in the profitability of coal installations. This may result in a real increase in energy bills for users and it will seal the unprofitability of the Ostrołęka C Power Plant.

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